Being capital of the People's Republic of China, Beijing is the nation's political, economic, and cultural center. Located in north China, close to the port city of Tianjin and partially surrounded by Hebei Province, it also serves as the most important transportation hub and port of entry. As one of the six ancient cities in China, Beijing has been the heart and soul of politics throughout its long history and consequently there is an unparalleled wealth of discovery to delight and intrigue travelers as they explore the city's ancient past and exciting modern development. Now it has become one of the most popular travel destinations in the world, with about 140 million Chinese tourists and 4.4 million international visitors in a year.
Beijing is a metropolis in northern China(39°54′N, 116°23′E). Lying 70 mi (102 km) west of Bohai Sea, it borders Hebei Province to the norcth, west, south, and for a small section in the east and Tianjin to the southeast.
Beijing is one of the four ancient cities of China (together with Xi'an, Luoyang, Nanjing), the best preserved, and famous around the world. The city is also known as a cradle of humanity. As early as 700,000 years ago, Peking Man lived in Zhoukoudian area of this city.
Beijing City was established over 3,000 years ago and was called Jin City in the Western Zhou Dynasty (11th century BC - 771 BC). Ever since Emperor Qin united China in 221 BC, Beijing has played an important role in north China. It was the capital city in the Liao (916-1125), Jin (1115-1234), Yuan (1271-1368), Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties. During these 800 years, 34 emperors lived and ruled here. The world renowned Forbidden City was built during this period.
At the end of the Qing Dynasty, World War I broke out. Beijing became the focus of the war, which disrupted the society. Many residences of royal families were robbed and burned down. After that, the whole country was reduced to the status of semi-colonial and semi-feudal society. It wasn't until October 1st 1949 that the People's Republic of China was founded. Beijing is known as the capital city of the prosperous new country which has flared into importance in Asia.
Beijing is the most important transportation hub in mainland China in air, rail and road transportation: China’s largest airport is located here; it is the biggest rail hub of the country; many national roads and expressways radiate out here. Its urban area also has well appointed transport system. However, as a metropolis in a densely populated country, transportation in the city’s urban area is a bit crowded, especially during rush hours (around 08:00 and 18:00). During these time periods, traffic jams are common and may cause significant delays. If possible, avoid taking buses/taxis at this time of a day as it may drain your limited vacation time. The local government has carried out many measures to relieve traffic pressure, including encouraging traveling by public transport tools, allocating car registration by a license-plate lottery system, and controlling traffic by odd-even license plates, etc.
Autumn Weather(Sep. - Oct.)
September, praised as a golden month in Beijing, is cool, clear and brisk. Everywhere presents a harvest scene. The rainy season and summer heat have gone. The weather can still be hot in the afternoons during early September, but it is delightfully cool in the morning and evening. From late September, the temperature difference between day and night gets obvious, but it still feels pleasant even at night.
Beijing weather in October is very cool and dry, with a big temperature difference between day and night. It may still feel like summer in the afternoon during a sunny day, but can cool down to 3-4°C (37-39°F) quickly after a few days' rain.
Corresponding to the Descent of Frost, one of the 24 seasonal segments, frost may appear at the end of this month. Beijing climate will transit from autumn to winter during October. At this time, fogy days may possibly occur after rain due to lack of wind, temperature inversion, and high humidity.